The annual plant of the legume family is today a popular sowing crop. May be found in nature in the wild.
The cultivated species of alfalfa has a strong root system, branched stems that form a shrub and inflorescences of blue hue. The fruit of alfalfa seed is considered to be a multi-seeded bean, which has a brown or brown color.
Different types of alfalfa when ripe have fruits of different shapes. Alfalfa seeds have a hard shell, small, oval-kidney-shaped. The leaves of the plant and its beans (seeds) are rich in various elements. They contain: calcium, phosphorus, carbohydrates of different groups, fats and proteins, essential oils, carotene, alkaloids, pectins and saponins, chlorophyll and tertirpinoids.